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FROM:     Unicef OLS, 
DATE:     6/11/99 8:52 AM
Weekly Report: 31 May - 6 June 1999
UNITED NATIONS  NATIONS UNIES
Operation Lifeline Sudan  (Southern Sector)    
General Situation
Insecurity in parts Upper Nile continued this week, with Padit, 
Gumriak and Tagil burnt and looted on 3 June. Assessment teams 
into Nyal and Ganyiel reported about that about 7,000 had been 
displaced to that location from Leer, Duar and Koch areas in 
western Upper Nile.
Meanwhile Ikotos and Narus in eastern equatoria were bombed. 
Bahr el Ghazal Conference
The Bahr el Ghazal Conference took place on the 29 to 31 June in 
Mapel, Bahr el Ghazal. The conference organised by the
UNICEF/OLS Capacity Building section discussed beneficiary
rights, re-establishing resilience and sustainable livelihoods. SPLM
and SRRA officials, OLS and non-OLS agencies attended the
conference. This year's conference was remarkable because unlike
previous year's, parties went beyond finger pointing and discussed
how they could improve issues. 
The conference concluded with the following declarations:
- The conference underscored the need for strong institutions for 
maintaining law and order through deterrence and taking punitive 
measures on offenders.
- The conference also recognised the need for just peace and 
security as a component to rehabilitation and development.
- The conference endorsed the agreements reached at Wunlit during 
the Dinka-Nuer peace talks.
- The conference recognised the fundamental need for an effective 
and strong political will at all levels.
- The conference acknowledged the need for proactively moving 
from relief to rehabilitation and development.
A report on the conference will be ready in a few weeks.
Meetings & Workshops
A UNHCR Workshop on the protection of refugees will be held in 
Lokichokkio on 10th June at the Intereact Hall in Lokichokkio. 
There is space for about 12 more people. Agencies interested in 
participating in the workshop have been asked to forward their 
names to George Cooke, UNICEF/OLS Programme Co-ordinator
based in Lokichokkio.
The security workshop commenced on the 5 June at the Intereact 
Hall in Lokichokkio. The workshop will run through to the 7 June.
A Household Food Security workshop will be held in Lokichokkio
on 9 June. Agencies have been requested to return seeds and tools 
distribution formats, for the just concluded distribution 
exercise.
A workshop on "the current use and value of indigenous wild food 
plants and their potential for the people of southern Sudan in 
the future" was held in Lokichokkio on 3-5 June 1999. The 
workshop was organised by CRS and USAID. A report on the
workshop is expected in a few weeks time.
Programme
An assessment team to Nyal and Ganyiel, Upper Nile held a 
debriefing session to programme heads in Lokichokkio on 1 June. 
The team established that there was movement of people from
other 
parts of Upper Nile to Ganyiel and Nyal. Recent reports indicated 
that numerous populations fleeing fighting in Duar, Koch and Leer 
in western Upper Nile had fled to Nyal and Ganyiel.
There are 3,000 people displaced into Nyal out of which 450 men 
and 2,250 women as well as children. Another 4,000 people have 
been displaced into Ganyiel, 1,200 men in Ganyiel and 2,800
women 
including children. The people are said to be moving to and from 
Nyal and Ganyiel, depending on where there was a WFP food drop. 
They have been integrated into the host community while others 
are living in the churches.  The displaced people have confirmed 
that they plan to cultivate in Nyal and Ganyiel and return to 
their original homes when the fighting stops. The displaced 
reported to have left their homes in a hurry and so did not carry 
anything with them.
The immediate needs of the displaced are shelter, food, seeds and 
tools, fishing equipment, mosquito nets, cooking pots and 
blankets. ICRC has already provided seeds while UNICEF and
WFP have provided blankets, medicines and food. 
The assessment team recommended that:
- A monitoring system should be put in place to monitor the 
population movement between Nyal and Ganyiel.
- The security situation in Nyal and Ganyiel should continue to 
be monitored.
- Relief food and non-food items distribution should go on.
- UNICEF Emergency Response will co-ordinate agencies working
in these two locations for an emergency intervention for both 
Ganyiel and Nyal. The team will include WFP, COSV, VSF-B,
ICRC, RASS and UNICEF.
- A small committee was formed to discuss and conclude on the 
issue of accurate displaced population figures, which were 
disputed at the meeting. The committee will comprise of UNICEF, 
WFP, RASS and COSV).
Humanitarian Principles
The National Insurance Corporation recently agreed not to demand 
insurance from agencies until agencies, donors and SRRA agreed 
upon the Memorandum of Understanding. However, reports of 
agencies being stopped and asked to pay for insurance especially 
in western and eastern Equatoria are still being received. 
Agencies have been advised not to pay for the insurance and to 
take up the issue through the UNICEF Humanitarian Principles 
programme. Agencies were also advised to continue purchasing
SRRA passes until the work permits issue, also part of the MOU 
discussions, was finalised.
Health
Upper Nile / Jonglei monthly geographical meeting was held in 
Lokichokkio on 1 June. During the meeting, OLS Security advised 
that an emergency assessment of Gumriak and surrounding
locations was required.  Any interventions to the location for the
time being should be short term.  Agencies planning to return to the 
region on a long-term basis were advised against doing so for the 
time being. A meeting for agencies planning to return to Gumriak 
will be convened shortly. 
The IRC community health workers training school will be hold the 
graduation ceremony for their students on 18 July.  IRC reported 
that the areas north of the Sabot, south of Madding and Torpot 
had recorded approximately 21 cholera cases. 
New cases of tuberculosis and Kala Azar have been reported in 
Nyal and Ganyiel. IRC and COSV are treating the cases at the 
PHCCs there. 
Food Distribution
WFP distributed 1190.66 metric tons of food was distributed to 
119, 378 targeted beneficiaries.  
During the reporting period, two C-130 Hercules and three Buffalo 
aircraft continued to deliver food aid out of Lokichokkio and two 
C-130 Hercules and one Ilyushin-76 operated from Khartoum/El 
Obeid.
The following table summarises WFP food distribution by location.
Bahr el Ghazal
Location   Beneficiaries   Quantity of Food in MTS 
Baau14,016164
Madhol   24,174251 
Lietnohm 16,000123 
Turalei  19,638160
Upper Nile/Jonglei
Location   Beneficiaries   Quantity of Food in MTS 
Mabior   12,000113
Nyal32,750138
Assessments
Heavy infestations of armyworms have been reported in Tali
Payam, Juba County in eastern Equatoria by the local NGO,
ACCORD. The extent of crop damage by the pests is not yet
known.  There is also talk of the army worms having spread to the
neighbouring counties of Yei and Mundri.  Indeed, OXFAM have
confirmed the presence of armyworms in Mundri County. FEWS
has indicate that the infestations is not major enough to worry
about and the natural control for army worms is rain which is
expected to start falling soon in the affected locations.
Camp Issues
The OLS Camp ladies soccer team drew 1-1 with the airstrip ladies 
team during a soccer match played to celebrate Madaraka Day on 1 
June. Meanwhile the OLS camp men's team beat the ICRC team
two goals to nil during the same event. 
DHL on 2 June announced that they had established courier 
services between Lokichokkio and Nairobi. Their offices will be 
at the Kate Camp. 
Visitors
Mme Frances Smith and Paul Filler from ECHO arrived in 
Lokichokkio on 1 June. To view WFP activities especially and 
airdrop. 
The Mainichi Shimbun journalist departed from Nairobi after 
covering UNICEF activities in Akon, Luanyaker, Thiet and Mapel. 
Meanwhile Mike Crawley from Gemini news moved to Rumbek to
cover the secondary school on 3 June. He is scheduled to visit the 
Tambura Farmers Marketing Association in western Equatoria on 6 
June. 
The ECHO Research team on the "Harmful consequences of 
Humanitarian Assistance" visited Akon, Malualkon and are 
currently in Nyamlell. The team will visit Panthou and Turalei 
next week. The team consists of Phillip Winter, Jok Madut, and 
John Ryle. 
Holdbrook Arthur the Regional director of WFP Horn of Africa 
accompanied by Zlatan Milisic and Lucy Woldu visited the camp
and held a lengthy meeting with WFP staff.
US Senator Sam Brownback (R), House Representative Donald
Payne (D) and Representative Tom Trancbecke (R) visited
Lokichokkio on 4 June hosted by NPA. The delegation departed
for Kakuma immediately after arrival and flew to Labone and Yei
with NPA on 5 June. The team returned to Lokichokkio on 6 June
Lee Peterson the new OLS Security Officer arrived in Lokichokkio 
on 5 June.  The security team of five is now complete.
Security
31 May  Narus was reported bombed today, no report of
 casualties or the number of bombs.
1 June  Narus was bombed again. 
2 June  One train left Merriam while two others remained in    
 that location. 
3 June  Padit, Gumriak and Tagil was burnt and looted   
 Ikotos was bombed.  
5 June  The road from Natinga to New Cush has now been    
 approved for travel. It had been closed since 21  
 April.  All OLS staff wishing to use this road are to  
 receive a briefing prior to leaving Loki as the   
 security risk is deemed high. 
 Chukudum remains RED NO GO
 Turalei was given a greenlight for OLS agencies to
 return.

 

 

 

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Last modified: March 12, 2001